What is Amida Buddha?

In Shin Buddhism, Ainida’s name, “Namu Amida Butsu (i.e., the six-character name),” is the most important thing. The reason it is considered the most important thing in Shin Buddhism is that it is one of the most compact and excellent expressions of the essence of Buddhism. 

Namu Amida Butsu means “Bowing Amida Buddha.” (Besides “bowing” namu (Sk. namas] has other meanings such as “taking refuge in,” “worshipping,” and “revering.”) This Name expresses the “humble and dynamic spirit,” the essence of Buddhahood…

We can say that “Amida” symbolizes two things: (1) Shakyamuni, a historical person, and (2) the Dharma or universal Buddhahood.

First, “Amida” symbolizes Shakyamuni, a historical person… We can say that “Amida” symbolizes the “humble and dynamic spirit” of Shakyamuni…

Second, “Amida” symbolizes the Dharma or universal Buddhahood. Mahayanists created the concept not only to express the vital spirit of Shakyamuni, but also to show the spiritual basis of Shakyamuni and all human beings. 

They wanted to show that just as Shakyamuni was awakened and liberated by the Dharma (or universal Buddhahood), all human beings are awakened and liberated by it. Thus, as far as our personal attainment of Buddhahood is concerned, this second meaning of “Amida” as a symbol of the Dharma (or universal Buddhahood) is more important than the first. 

The goal in Buddhism is that we personally become Amida Buddhas. The Buddhahood that we are expected to attain in Buddhism is not the historical Buddhahood of Shakyamuni, but the universal Buddhahood that is symbolized in “Amida.”… 

We must realize our deepest reality, our true selves, which is what the realization of Amida Buddhahood means…

Amida is a symbol of the “humble and dynamic spirit.” In our personal lives we must meet a person who embodies this spirit and discover “Amida” in ourselves. When we personally become one with it and become humble and dynamic students, we experience liberation.
https://seattlebetsuin.com/what_is_amida_buddha.htm

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NAMU-AMIDA-BUTSU