Reduced Analytic and Actively Open-Minded Thin…

Reduced Analytic and Actively Open-Minded Thinking…Help to Explain the Link…between Belief in Fake News…and Delusionality, Dogmatism, and Religious Fundamentalism…:

“Delusion-prone individuals may be more likely to accept even
delusion-irrelevant implausible ideas…because of their tendency to
engage in less analytic and actively open-minded thinking.

Exploratory
analyses showed that dogmatic individuals and religious fundamentalists
were also more likely to believe fake news
, and that these relationships
were fully explained by cognitive style. Our findings suggest that
existing interventions on analytic and actively open-minded thinking
might be leveraged to help prevent the deleterious effects of belief in
fake news…”

“Two studies with over 1000 participants suggested
that individuals who endorse delusion-like ideas (e.g., thinking that
people can communicate telepathically), as well as dogmatic individuals
and religious fundamentalists, are more likely to
believe fake news. These studies also suggested that two related forms of thinking may protect against belief in fake news:

The first, actively open-minded thinking, involves the search for
alternative explanations and the use of evidence to revise beliefs.

The second, analytic thinking, involves deliberate thought processes that consume memory resources.

Reduced engagement in these forms of thinking partially explained the
increased belief in fake news among individuals who endorsed
delusion-like ideas, and fully explained increased belief in fake news
among dogmatic individuals and religious fundamentalists

These
results imply that existing interventions designed to increase actively
open-minded and analytic thinking might be leveraged to help prevent the
deleterious effects of belief in fake news.“

Report at…https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3172140

“The present studies suggest that delusion-prone and dogmatic
individuals, as well as religious fundamentalists, are more likely than
others to believe fake news in large part because they exhibit reduced
analytic and actively open-minded thinking. This suggestion points to
potential interventions that may keep individuals from falling for fake
news and lays the groundwork for future fake news research.”

http://www.niemanlab.org/2018/05/people-who-are-delusional-dogmatic-or-religious-fundamentalists-are-more-likely-to-believe-fake-news/

Also read…http://www.patheos.com/blogs/friendlyatheist/2018/05/04/researchers-find-link-between-religious-fundamentalism-and-falling-for-fake-news/