The Relation Between Intelligence and Religiosity: A…

The Relation Between Intelligence and Religiosity: A Meta-Analysis and Some Proposed Explanations…

“A meta-analysis of 63 studies showed a significant negative association between intelligence and religiosity.

Three possible interpretations were discussed. First, intelligent people are less likely to conform and, thus, are more likely to resist religious dogma. Second, intelligent people tend to adopt an analytic (as opposed to intuitive) thinking style, which has been shown to undermine religious beliefs. Third, several functions of religiosity, including compensatory control, self-regulation, self-enhancement, and secure attachment, are also conferred by intelligence. Intelligent people may therefore have less need for religious beliefs and practices. 

Following  Gottfredson  (1997),  we  define  intelligence  as  the “ability to reason, plan, solve problems, think abstractly, comprehend  complex  ideas,  learn  quickly  and  learn  from  experience” 

Religiosity can be defined as the degree of involvement in some  or  all  facets  of  religion.  According  to  Atran  and  Norenzayan (2004), such facets include beliefs in supernatu-ral agents, costly commitment to these agents (e.g., offering of property), using beliefs in those agents to lower existential anxieties  such  as  anxiety  over  death,  and  communal  rituals  that  validate  and  affirm  religious  beliefs.”

Scientific paper… http://emilkirkegaard.dk/en/wp-content/uploads/The-Relation-Between-Intelligence-and-Religiosity-A-Meta-Analysis-and-Some-Proposed-Explanations.pdf